How to Easily Apply Arabic Sun and Moon Letters

Arabic sun and moon letters

How to Easily Apply Arabic Sun and Moon Letters For the Arabic Sun and Moon letters, there are a total of 28 letters in the Arabic alphabet. These letters are precisely separated into two groups. One is the sun letters (), and the other is the moon letters

Before we go into the Arabic Sun and Moon letters, let’s go over the different types of articles, as this is one of the most fundamental grammatical concepts in Arabic and can make the entire issue a lot easier.

Types of Articles in Arabic

In Arabic, How to Easily Apply Arabic Sun and Moon Letters there are two types of articles. “Nakirah” is one, while “Ma’rifah” is the other. In English, these words are known as definite and indefinite articles.

The indefinite article “Nakirah”

When the words Nakirah are said,  How to Easily Apply Arabic Sun and Moon Letters unclear what person is being specifically named. Let’s look at the key characteristics of these Nakirah noun articles:

The word is expressed in broad words.

They all finish in tanween and don’t have a definite article ()

If you know English, you may see how Nakirah in Arabic corresponds to nouns in English that begin with “a, an.”

= a teacher, for instance.

The definite article “Ma’rifah”

How to Easily Apply Arabic Sun and Moon Letters It’s obvious who and what they’re talking about when they say it.

Ma’rifah can be described as the polar opposite of Nakirah.

The definite article () comes before these words. It is an example of nouns used with “the” in English.

Using the teacher as an example

We explained the subject of Nakirah and Ma’rifah because it is one of the fundamental grammatical understanding of definite and indefinite articles in Arabic, and it will help us better comprehend where the definite article(s) comes from while discussing Arabic rules for the sun and moon letters.

Arabic Sun Letters

How to Easily Apply Arabic Sun and Moon Letters As previously stated, there are 14 Sun letters and 14 Moon letters among the 28 Arabic Sun and Moon letters. If these letters follow the definite article (), the letter () Alif is read by connecting it directly to the sun letter Shaddah (reading the consonant letter twice).

What are the 14 sun letters, you might wonder? And the following are the answers:

  • Arabic characters for the sun
  • Arabic instances of sun letters:
  • The sun is shining brightly.
  • the individual
  • the blooming plant
  • the university student

Tajweed Rule: “Idgham Shamsi”

How to Easily Apply Arabic Sun and Moon Letters The letter Lam is silent when words begin with the sun letter following the definite article (), as in the examples above. If the word is placed alone, this rule applies.

If another word comes before such a word, the other word’s end is directly tied to the sun letter. So neither the letters “Alif” nor “Lam” is read this time.

There are two groups in the Idhgam Shamsi.

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Only the letter Noon () is suitable for this sort of Idghaam. Idhgaam Shamsi occurs How to Easily Apply Arabic Sun and Moon Letters “Noon” appears after the definite article Lam Al Tarif ().

Arabic Moon Letters

How to Easily Apply Arabic Sun and Moon Letters The remaining 14 Arabic Sun and Moon letters in the Arabic script are known as Moon letters (). The main distinguishing element of them is that, unlike the sun letters, Alif () and Lam () are pronounced.


Arabic characters for the moon

  • Arabic instances of moon letters:
  • the title of the book
  • Daddy
  • The camel is a camel.
  • the daughter, the young lady
  • Remember the following coding:

Tajweed Rule : “Idhar Qamari”

How to Easily Apply Arabic Sun and Moon LettersIf one of the Moon letters appears after Lam, the letter Lam is interpreted separately from the Moon letter. This is referred to as Idhar Qamari. The letter “lam” () is brought to the Jamz position when “al” () is introduced to the beginning of a noun that starts with lunar characters. As a result, “Lam” is pronounced.

If any word comes before these words, unlike before there were sun letters, the Lam is read this time. The letter Alif is the only one that isn’t pronounced.

Moon letters in Arabic

The Story Behind Their Names

Another thing to remember about the laws of sun and moon letters is the rationale behind their names.

In Arabic, the word “Qamar” means “moon.” Have you ever wondered why these letters are referred to as moon letters? The solution will pique your attention. The Moon letters make the Lam Al Tarif (the definite article) apparent and strongly pronounced, just as the stars do when the moon is in the sky.

The letter Lam is not uttered, and the sun letters are pronounced with Shaddah, the sign that comes above the consonant, exactly as the stars are unseen as the sun rises In Arabic, there is a letter that should be read twice.

After you’ve completed learning about Arabic sun and moon letters and seeing instances of them, check out this blog for further information on the norms of Laam Shmasiyya and Qamariyyah in Arabic.

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Why Apply the Arabic Sun and Moon Letters

The major rationale for using the Arabic Sun and Moon letter rules, or any other pattern, is to make letter pronunciation easier. When making the sound of the letter Lam Al-Tarif, your tongue aligns with the rear of your teeth, as you may have noticed. However, when you pronounce a Moon letter, the Makhraj (i.e., tongue position) will be considerably different from Lam Al-Tarif.

How to Remember Sun and Moon Letters

First and foremost, these guidelines are self-explanatory. We can receive a hint about which guideline to use in pronunciation by saying the Arabic name of Sun letters.

By masking Lam Al-Tarif, the letter () becomes Shraddha. The letter () is read without Shaddah in the word Lam, and the letter Lam is pronounced. It informs us of the type of rule in question.

Sun and Moon letters examples

Different coding has been created to help people remember these letters. The following are two of the most used codings.

The sun letters in Arabic make up the first letters of the words in this couplet memorized for Idghaam Shamsi.

Advice on How to Study Arabic Sun and Moon Letters

Take an Arabic text or a short Surah from the Quran as a starting point. Underline the above-mentioned guidelines, then name the words that contain Idgham Shamsi and Idhar Qamari, and then pronounce them. You will not have any difficulty with the Arabic Sun and Moon letters and their principles if you practispracticessignment a few times.


The features of the Arabic Sun and Moon letters, as well as their place in tajweed, were discussed in this article. In his renowned poem about Tajweed, Imaam Muhammad Ibn al-Jazari, may Allah have mercy on him, a profound scholar in Hadith and the Quran, stated that the application of Tajweed principles is an absolute necessity and that those who do not apply these rules will be sinful.

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