Types of Madd in Tajweed with Easy Examples

Types of Madd in Tajweed with Easy Examples

types of Madd with examples


Types of Madd in Tajweed with Easy Examples The Holy Quran is Allah’s book, which He SWT revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as a flawless source of regulation for humans to live a great life. Because it is so vital, the Quran must be read and recited correctly and clearly to avoid any confusion or misunderstanding. The readers must follow Tajweed guidelines for accurate recitation, which include several varieties of Madd (extending the sound of a vowel). And madd is so much more than its literal definition.

So, if you’re wondering how many different sorts of madd there are, what is yaa made, what is regular maddmadeat is made far ee, or what is made claim, you’ve come to the correct place. We’ll go over the many forms of Madd and several examples in this post. But before we go into the types, let’s take a closer look at madd.

Madd in Quran

Types of Madd in Tajweed with Easy Examples In the Quran, what is Madd? Madd in the Quran denotes a long vowel and occurs over a long vowel.

In Arabic, what is made? In Arabic, it signifies extending (stretching) the voice using a letter from the Madd alphabet. This entails extending the letter’s pronunciation, as in the following examples:

– It is one of Allah SWT’s names, which means “forgiving,” and () is the location of madd.

– It is an Arabic word that means “sky,” and () is the location of madd.

– It is one of Allah SWR’s names, which means compassionate, and () is the location of madd.

“I questioned Anas, ‘How did the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) recite Quran?” answered Qatadah, according to tradition. ‘Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to elongate the sounds,’ he said. [An-Nasa’i Sunan]

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Letters of Madd

Types of Madd in Tajweed with Easy Examples What are the three Madd letters now? In Tajweed, al-Madd is composed of three letters (,), which are grouped in the Arabic word. These letters must be silent, with no vowels, but the letter preceding Madd must not be hamza. In addition, the letter must have a vowel that is dependent on Madd’s letter, as follows:

If the madd letter is Alif (), the letter before it must have a fatha sign, and Alif remains quiet because it lacks a vowel.

If the madd letter is Waaw (), the letter before it must have a dammah, and Waaw is silent since it lacks a vowel.

If the madd letter is Yaa’ (), there must be a kasra preceding it, and Without any vowels, the Yaa’ remains silent.

Note that the letter preceding made must include the indicated vowels, or madd will not apply, and the letter will not be called the mad letter. So, if the madd letter is Waaw, and the previous letter contains the fatha sign instead of damage, madd will not be applied, and Waaw will not be a mad letter in this case.

For example, the letter Yaa’ contains a fatha sign in the word, which signifies your day in English, while the next letter Waaw is not the letter of madd. As a result, madd will not be used here.

Types of Madd in Tajweed with Easy Examples Without a vowel, the letter made must remain quiet, however, this does not imply that it possesses a sukoon. Al-Madd is not applied if the letter Madd has Sukoon. In another word, they are in English. You can see that the letter () is an Alif with damage and is followed by the letter () with sukoon. As a result, Madd is not used here, and it is not the Madd letter. And we say it like this: Also, the letter has fat-ha in this word and is followed by, which has no vowel.

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Types of Madd in Tajweed

Types of Madd in Tajweed with Easy Examples What are the two different sorts of mad? There are two sorts of madd:

Tabi’y/Madd Asli (Natural Madd)

Free Madd (Secondary Madd)

Madd Asli


Types of Madd in Tajweed with Easy Examples This form of madd is required for a letter to existing. It happens when hamza or sukoon comes before any of the three madd letters.


Types of Madd in Tajweed with Easy Examples Two harakahs – A barakah isthea time it takes to open one finger after making a closed fist, and two harakahs are the time it takes to open two fingers in succession.

Reason for Name

Types of Madd in Tajweed with Easy Examples It is known as mad asli because it has no secondary madd causes, has a natural place in Arabic as opposed to other forms of madd, has a single form, i.e., just two harakat in duration, and the entity of the letter of madd is only spoken by pronouncing the madd itself.

It is known as mad table (natural) because it is naturally lengthened for only two harakat, neither more nor less

Madd Asli Includes:

Types of Madd in Tajweed with Easy Examples At the beginning of several verses, the five alphabets are mentioned separately. These alphabets consist of two letters, the second of which is the madd letter. The letters can be found in both of the words. Examples of crazy asli – – – – – خَالِدِيْنَ

Madd Free


It’s a special kind of mad that’s added to add asli for a specific cause.


The following are the two causes of the wacky fare:

Incorporeal. This is because it has something to do with the meaning. This does not happen in the Al-Shatibiyyah style of reciting the Hafs. Nonetheless, it is permissible in some Tayyibat Al-Nashr ways. It’s called thus because a certain letter causes the madd free to be longer than the madd asli.

Types of Madd Free

Made as a result of a hamza

When the letter hamza comes after the letter made in the same word, it is called Madd Muttasil.

It lasts for four Alifs (seconds)

Rules of Madd Free

Here are the three most significant madd free rules:

Compulsory – It is only applied to madd mussel due to an agreement in different recitations to extend it more than made asli.

It applies to madd munfasil, madd ‘arid liLilukun, and mamadeaBadalince either shortening or lengthening is permitted.

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Madd is a crucial guideline in Tajweed since it aids in deciphering the meanings of Quranic texts. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to read the Quran with elongations of the sounds, as we are taught in Tajweed regulations today. By omitting the madd, we are implying that we are not reading the Quran as it was revealed. As a result, it is critical to learn how to properly recite the verses and to comprehend the many forms of madd in the Quran and their applications.